Coronavirus, a virus-cum-disaster that has shaken the economies of the world and the mental, social, political, and cultural aspects of human life.
COVID-19 and its impact?
Coronavirus belongs to a distinct category of virus that can cause less to severe kinds of suffering. It is an RNA virus, which implies it can rapidly mutate after blending with its host’s DNA.
That is the result, India is facing the second wave of this drastic virus.
Lakhs of cases are reported each day in 220 countries and territories around the world. The US has the highest number, followed by India now.
The world is confronting extreme impacts on:
- Food security
This will further result in loss of jobs, high levels of poverty, poor health, malnutrition, lack of safety and security. According to ILO, global labor force participation reduced by 2.2 percentage points, and global employment losses is 114 million jobs from 2020 vied to 2019.
Second wave and India?
In the “Covid-19 Performance Index”, India ranked 86th amongst 98 countries compiled by Sydney- based Lowy Institute (Australian think-tank).
India is highly impacted by this wave and many loopholes in the health system is also marking our way:
- Article 21 (Right to life)- Basic facilities such as providing oxygen, beds, and ventilators to coronavirus patients are in deficiency.
Last week, a young girl from Uttar Pradesh tweeted help for providing oxygen for her grandmother, but later her tweet was deleted due to many reasons.
2. Shortage of Vaccine- The aged continue to be the most unsafe from this infection. Till now, less than 4% of Indians above age sixty have been fully vaccinated.
But we also can’t ignore the reasons of rising this infection:
- Breaking of protocols of wearing masks, washing and sanitizing hands by the people, social distancing.
- Rules and penalties were relaxed.
- Greater mobility in cities.
- Containment zones marking became less strict.
- Mutation of coronavirus.
Steps by the government to improve the conditions:
- By altering the foreign trade policy the government eases the imports of diagnostic kits by customer duty exemption.
- Ban on non-medical use of liquid oxygen.
- Court issues guidelines for not trading oxygen cylinders and concentrators above maximum retail price.
- The UK is sending oxygen concentrators and ventilators.
- The US is sending raw material for more vaccine production in India.
- Chinese organizations trying their best to collect anti-epidemic supplies urgently to India.
Some actions can be taken on a broader level to improve the conditions:
- Recently, the Delhi government is collaborating with NGOs and other organizations and converting government schools into hospitals.
This model can be taken to a broader level as schools are not functioning due to lockdown.
2. There is a need for coordination between the union and state governments. So, the subject of ‘health’ should be transferred from concurrent list to state list of the Indian constitution as suggested by the fifteenth finance commission.
3. Proper implementation and monitoring are required at each stage.
The conditions are alarming but we have to take appropriate majors and follow the protocols of the government.